This article has been Submitted by Jai Kishan Vashisht, Delhi
Location & Accessibility:
Fatehpur Sikri is Located in western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies just east of the Rajasthan state border, about 23 miles (37 km) west-southwest of Agra. It is about 230 kms. from delhi and takes about 5 hrs to reach vis Agra. Fatehpur Sikri is well accessible as it is well connected with other parts of the country. The nearest airport is located in Agra. By roadways, Fatehpur Sikri is connected with Delhi, Jaipur and other places.
Listed among the World Heritage Sites,Fatehpur Sikri ranks among the mostly visited spots in India. Fatehpur Sikri is an important specimen of the Mughal dynasty. By going for tours to this historical site, you can get a feel of the rich historical culture of medieval Mughal India.Fatehpur Sikri is a small city in northern India, just west of Agra, founded by a 16th-century Mughal emperor. Fatehpur Sikri was made the political capital of the Mughal Empire by Emperor Akbar from the period of 1571 to 1585. The capital was later shifted to the city of Agra. There are majestic buildings built by Akbar in Fatehpur Sikri. There is a fort in the site which is a blend of Mughal and Persian architecture. Red sandstone buildings cluster at its center. Buland Darwaza gate is the entrance to Jama Masjid mosque. Nearby is the marble Tomb of Salim Chishti. Diwan-E-Khas hall has a carved central pillar. Jodha Bais Palace is a mix of Hindu and Mughal styles, next to the 5-story Panch Mahal that overlooks the site.
Places of Interest :
Some of the major monuments to visit in Fatehpur Sikri are:
1. Buland Darwaza : It ranks among the important monuments in the place. This enormous gateway has a height of 54 meters and is largest gateway in the world. It was made in the year 1575 to celebrate Emperor Akbar’s success in conquering Gujarat and is a fine blend of Persian and Mughal architecture.
2. Diwan-i-Khas- Hall : Popularly known as the “Ekstambha Prasada”, the Diwan-i-Khas served as the royal chamber of Emperor Akbar. It is designed according to the Persian style of architecture and is decorated with fine sculpture and precious stones. There are 4 kiosks which are located in the middle of the court.
3. Panch Mahal : The Panch Mahal ranks among the most fascinating buildings in Fatehpur Sikri. It is a five storey building which was meant to be the shelter of the royal ladies and mistresses. The top story of the building offers a panoramic view of the surrounding area.
4. Tomb of Salim Chisti : The tomb of renowned Sufi saint Salim Chisti is located here. The tomb is well known for its delicate carvings and draws hundreds of pilgrims.
In addition to these, there are other important monuments in Fatehpur Sikri like the Palace of Jodha Bai, Birbal Bhawan, Diwan-i-Aam and Karawan Serai. These buildings are specimens of grand Mughal and Persian architecture.
The ideal time for undertaking tours to Fatehpur Sikri is between the months of November and February. The weather is this part of the year is pleasant with sunny skies. Club your trip to Fatehpur Sikri with visit to Agra and / or Bharatpur.