In simple words it is the felling and clearing of forest cover or tree plantation in order to accommodate agriculture, industrial or urban use. It involves permanent end of forest cover to make the land available for various purposes.
According to UNFAO 18 million hectares of land is cleared annually.
1. Increased agricultural activities.
4. Desertification of land.
EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION
1. Loss of species.
2. Carbon Emissions.
3. Disturbance in water cycle.
4. Soil erosion.
5. Poor life quality.
Deforestation can also be seen as removal of forest leading to several imbalances, both ecological as well as environmental. What makes it alarming is the immediate and long term effects its bound to inflict if continued at the current pace. Some predications state that the rain forest of the world will be destroyed completely if deforestation continues at the current pace.